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February 19, 2018

Food product labeling: EU specifications on the provisions concerning the QUID declaration about ingredient quantity (Communication 2017 / C 393/05)

In order to provide precise guidance to companies and national authorities on the application of the principle of the declaration of quantities of ingredients (QUID), the Commission has published a specific Communication.

Indications provided by the Communication n. 2017 / C 393/05

The European Commission, with the Communication in question, has clarified the following:

  1. when there is an obligation to indicate the quantity of ingredients or of a category of ingredients (QUID) in food labeling;
  2. to cases of derogation from the obligation to indicate the quantity of ingredients or of a category of ingredients (QUID);
  3. to the expression forms of the quantity of ingredients or of a category of ingredients (QUID);
  4. the position in which the quantity of ingredients or of a category of ingredients (QUID) must be reported in the labeling of foodstuffs.

Recall that the indication of the quantity of an ingredient or a category of ingredients (QUID), used in the manufacture or in the preparation of a food:

  • is required when this ingredient or category of ingredients:

-) is included in the denomination of the food or is generally associated with that denomination by the consumer;
-) is highlighted in the labeling by means of words, images or a graphic representation;
-) is essential to characterize food and distinguish it from products with which it could be confused due to its name or its appearance;

  • must not be reported:

-) for foods which include only one ingredient, since the quantity of the single ingredient corresponds in any case to 100% of the product;
-) for pre-packed food for which the relative exclusion is envisaged (see paragraph 2);
-) for non-prepacked food (food offered for sale without pre-packaging, or packaged at retail premises at the consumer's request or prepacked for direct sales);
-) constituents naturally present in foods that have not been added as ingredients (eg caffeine in coffee, vitamins and mineral salts in fruit juices), as they are not considered ingredients.

For further information please see the attachment below.