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January 08, 2018

Food ingredient: the use of N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid in certain types of products is now allowed (EU Decision No. 2017/2375)

IN DEPTH
The European Commission, with EU Decision of 15 December 2017 n. 2375, authorized the use of the N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid food ingredient in certain types of products, in accordance with the regulations governing new products and novel food ingredients.

Provisions envisaged by EU Decision n. 2017/2375

The EU Decision in question authorizes the use of N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid:

  • in formulas for infants and in follow formulas, in a concentration not higher than 0.05 g / l of reconstituted formula;
  • in cereal-based foods and other foods for infants and young children, in concentrations not exceeding 0.05 g / kg for solid foods;
  • in foods for special medical purposes for infants and young children, in a concentration that varies according to the particular nutritional needs of infants and children in infancy for which they are intended, and in any case not higher than the maximum levels established for the remaining products in question;
  • in substitutes for the entire daily diet for weight control, in a concentration not higher than 0.2 g / l for beverages and 1.7 g / kg for bars;
  • in foods bearing claims on the absence of gluten or on its presence to a limited extent, in a concentration not exceeding 1.25 g / kg;
  • in non-aromatised, pasteurized and sterilized products (including UHT treatment), based on milk, in a concentration not exceeding 0.05 g / l;
  • in non-aromatised products based on fermented milk, heat-treated after fermentation, flavored products based on fermented milk, including heat-treated products, in a concentration not exceeding 0.05 g / l in beverages and 0.4 g / kg in solid foods;
  • in products replacing dairy products, including drinks staining preparations, in concentrations not exceeding 0.05 g / l in beverages and 0.25 g / kg in solid foods;
  • in cereal bars, in a concentration not higher than 0.5 g / kg;
  • in table-top sweeteners, in a concentration not higher than 8.3 g / kg;
  • in fruit and vegetable drinks, in a concentration not exceeding 0.05 g / l;
  • in aromatised drinks, in a concentration not exceeding 0.05 g / l;
  • in special coffee, tea, infusions made with fruit and herbs, in chicory, in tea extracts, infusions based on fruit and herbs and chicory, in tea, plant, fruit and cereal preparations for infusions, in a concentration not exceeding 0,2 g / kg;
  • in food supplements, in a concentration not higher than 300 mg / day for the general population (people aged over 10 years), 55 mg / day for infants, 130 mg / day for infants and 250 mg / day for children aged 3 to 10 years.

Finally, the ingredient in question in order to be marketed in the European Union must comply with the technical specifications laid down in the annex to the aforementioned Decision.

Indication to be reported in the food label

The authorized name to be included in the labeling of food products containing N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid is: "N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid".

The labeling of food supplements containing N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid must also indicate that the products concerned should not be administered to infants, young children and children under 10 years of age, if they consume breast milk or other foods supplemented with N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid during the same 24-hour period.